Help

SPARQL (intermediate)

Help:SPARQL 2 will explore federated queries fetching data from both LinguaguaLibre and Wikidata's endpoints, then Wikidata Lexemes, an emerging source of lexicographic data. The duo can be a solid combo to provide lexicographic and multimedia (audio recordings and images) for either Wikimedia modules or web developers.


Draft
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Twemoji12 1f3d7.svg

This page is a work in progress.

Tools

Lexemes Queries Generator


SPARQL to persitent data

Some SPARQL queries are meaningful but heavy and overly slow. This administrator tool stores or updates the response data on LinguaLibre, within a wikipage. Stored data can then be loaded in <0.1 second. Multiple data can also be merged via a common property if any.


Federated queries

  • To query Lingualibre from Wikidata, use SERVICE <https://lingualibre.org/sparql>.
  • To query Wikidata from LinguaLibre, use SERVICE <https://query.wikidata.org/sparql>.

Retrieve data of LinguaLibre from Wikidata

To run on WDQS.[1] It lists the existing levels in LinguaLibre.

PREFIX prop: <https://lingualibre.org/prop/direct/>
PREFIX entity: <https://lingualibre.org/entity/>

SELECT * {
  SERVICE <https://lingualibre.org/sparql> {
    SELECT
      ?item
      ?itemLabel
    {
      ?item prop:P2 entity:Q5.
      SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en" }
    }
  }
}

Retrieve data of Wikidata from LinguaLibre

To run on LLQS.[2]

# [Example to complete]

Notable elements

LinguaLibre endpoint Wikidata endpoint
  • `instance of` P2 :
    • is `record` Q2
    • is `speaker` Q3
    • is `language` Q4
  • `language` P4
  • `speaker` P5
  • `gender` P8
  • `wikidata` P12
  • `iso` P13

For languages:

For countries:

For places:

  • `located in entity of level n` P:P131
    • `administrative territorial entity of a specific level` d:Q1799794
      • (0th level = country)
      • `1st-level administrative country subdivision d:Q10864048
      • `2nd-level administrative country subdivision` d:Q13220204
      • `3rd-level administrative country subdivision` d:Q13221722
      • `4th-level administrative country subdivision` d:Q14757767
      • `5th-level administrative country subdivision` d:Q15640612
      • `6th-level administrative country subdivision d:Q22927291

Languages

✅ Language () → List of LL languages with wd speaker population

✅ Languages → List of Sign languages on wikidata

To run on WDQS.[2]

SELECT DISTINCT ?item ?itemLabel
WHERE {
  ?item p:P31 ?statement0.
  ?statement0 (ps:P31/(wdt:P279*)) wd:Q34228.
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE]". }
}
... Loading ...

✅ Languages → List of LL languages with wikidata dead or extinct status

To run on LLQS.[2]

SELECT
  ?deadLanguageLinguaLibre
  ?deadLanguageLinguaLibreLabel
  ?audios
# List Wikidata dead/extinct languages
WITH {
  SELECT DISTINCT ?deadLanguage {
    SERVICE <https://query.wikidata.org/sparql> {
      { ?deadLanguage wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q45762. }
      UNION
      { ?deadLanguage wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q38058796. }
    }
  }
} AS %deadLanguage
# Compare with LinguaLibre languages, keep when P12 `wikidata` matches
WITH {
  SELECT ?deadLanguageLinguaLibre {
    INCLUDE %deadLanguage.
    BIND(REPLACE(STR(?deadLanguage), '.*/', '') AS ?deadLanguageQid)
    ?deadLanguageLinguaLibre
      prop:P2 entity:Q4;
      prop:P12 ?deadLanguageQid.
  }
} AS %deadLanguageLinguaLibre
# For those Lingualibre languages, count audios into ?audios
WITH {
  SELECT
    ?deadLanguageLinguaLibre
    (COUNT(?audio) AS ?audios)
  {
    INCLUDE %deadLanguageLinguaLibre.
    ?audio
      prop:P2 entity:Q2;
      prop:P4 ?deadLanguageLinguaLibre.
  }
  GROUP BY ?deadLanguageLinguaLibre
} AS %audios
# What is that ? Back to main scope ? :
{
  INCLUDE %deadLanguageLinguaLibre.
  OPTIONAL{ INCLUDE %audios. }
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en". }
}
ORDER BY DESC(?audios)
... Loading ...

✅ Languages → List of LL languages with wikidata Endangered language status

To run on LLQS.[2]

SELECT
  ?endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre
  ?endangeredLanguageLinguaLibreLabel
  ?audios
# List Wikidata endangered languages
WITH {
  SELECT DISTINCT ?endangeredLanguage {
    SERVICE <https://query.wikidata.org/sparql> {
      { ?endangeredLanguage wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q335214. }
      UNION
      { ?endangeredLanguage wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q83365366. }
    }
  }
} AS %endangeredLanguage
# Compare with LinguaLibre languages, keep when P12 `wikidata` matches
WITH {
  SELECT ?endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre {
    INCLUDE %endangeredLanguage.
    BIND(REPLACE(STR(?endangeredLanguage), '.*/', '') AS ?endangeredLanguageQid)
    ?endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre
      prop:P2 entity:Q4;
      prop:P12 ?endangeredLanguageQid.
  }
} AS %endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre
# For those Lingualibre languages, count audios into ?audios
WITH {
  SELECT
    ?endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre
    (COUNT(?audio) AS ?audios)
  {
    INCLUDE %endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre.
    ?audio
      prop:P2 entity:Q2;
      prop:P4 ?endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre.
  }
  GROUP BY ?endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre
} AS %audios
# What is that ? Back to main scope ? :
{
  INCLUDE %endangeredLanguageLinguaLibre.
  OPTIONAL{ INCLUDE %audios. }
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en". }
}
ORDER BY DESC(?audios)
... Loading ...

✅ Languages → List of LL languages with wikidata Sign language status

To run on LLQS.[2]

SELECT
  ?signLanguageLinguaLibre
  ?signLanguageLinguaLibreLabel
  ?audios
# List Wikidata sign languages
WITH {
  SELECT DISTINCT ?signLanguage {
    SERVICE <https://query.wikidata.org/sparql> {
      { ?signLanguage wdt:P31/wdt:P279* wd:Q34228. }
    }
  }
} AS %signLanguage
# Compare with LinguaLibre languages, keep when P12 `wikidata` matches
WITH {
  SELECT ?signLanguageLinguaLibre {
    INCLUDE %signLanguage.
    BIND(REPLACE(STR(?signLanguage), '.*/', '') AS ?signLanguageQid)
    ?signLanguageLinguaLibre
      prop:P2 entity:Q4;
      prop:P12 ?signLanguageQid.
  }
} AS %signLanguageLinguaLibre
# For those Lingualibre languages, count audios into ?audios
WITH {
  SELECT
    ?signLanguageLinguaLibre
    (COUNT(?audio) AS ?audios)
  {
    INCLUDE %signLanguageLinguaLibre.
    ?audio
      prop:P2 entity:Q2;
      prop:P4 ?signLanguageLinguaLibre.
  }
  GROUP BY ?signLanguageLinguaLibre
} AS %audios
# What is that ? Back to main scope ? :
{
  INCLUDE %signLanguageLinguaLibre.
  OPTIONAL{ INCLUDE %audios. }
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en". }
}
ORDER BY DESC(?audios)
... Loading ...

❌ Language (Q34) → Wikidata Qid(s) → Geo-coordinates

PREFIX wd: <http://www.wikidata.org/entity/>
PREFIX wdt: <http://www.wikidata.org/prop/direct/>
PREFIX ll: <https://lingualibre.org/entity/> 
PREFIX llt: <https://lingualibre.org/prop/direct/>
PREFIX lltn: <https://lingualibre.org/prop/direct-normalized/>

select distinct ?record ?transcription ?languageLabel ?wdQid ?wdQidLabel ?wdLabel ?coord
where {
  ?record llt:P2 ll:Q2 . # Filter: P2 'instance of' is Q2 'record'
  ?record llt:P4 ll:Q34 .          # Filter: record's P4 'language' is Q34 'Marathi'
  ?record llt:P4 ?language .       # Assign value: record's P4 'language' to variable ?language
  ?record llt:P7 ?transcription .  # Assign value: record's P7 'transcription' to variable ?transcription
  ?record lltn:P12 ?wdQid . # Assign value: record's P12 'wikidata id' to variable ?wikidataItem
  
  SERVICE <https://query.wikidata.org/sparql> {
    OPTIONAL { ?wdQid wdt:P625 ?coord . } # Assign value: wikidata item's wd:P625 'coordinates' to variable ?coord
    OPTIONAL {
      ?wdQid rdfs:label ?wdLabel . # Assign value: wikidata item's label to variable ?wikidataLabel
     FILTER (LANG(?wdLabel) = "en") . # Filter: default language, else English
    }
  }

  SERVICE wikibase:label {
    bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en" .
  } 
}
Result type:
record	transcription	languageLabel	wdQid	wdQidLabel	wdLabel	coord
Q196212	Tathavade	Marathi	Q2719024	Q2719024	Tathavade	Point(73.74 18.62)
Q428904	Jambavade	Marathi	Q24894740	Q24894740	Jambavade	Point(73.85 18.51)
Q428900	Dhangavhan	Marathi	Q24885008	Q24885008	Dhangavhan	Point(73.85 18.52)
…

✅ Languages → Languages with gender and recordings counts

To run on LLQS.[2]

SELECT ?languageLabel ?wikidata ?iso
  ?malesSpeakers ?malesRecords ?femalesSpeakers ?femalesRecords
  (ROUND(1000*?femalesRecords/(?femalesRecords+?malesRecords))/10 AS ?percent)
WITH {
  SELECT ?language ?languageLabel ?wikidata ?iso {
      ?record prop:P2 entity:Q2 .     # Filter: P2 'instance of' is Q2 'record'
      ?record prop:P4 ?language .     # Assign value: P4 'language' into ?language
      ?language prop:P12 ?wikidata .   # Assign value: P12 'wikidata id' into ?wikidata
      OPTIONAL { ?language prop:P13 ?iso . } # Assign value: P13 'iso639-3' into ?iso
	}
	GROUP BY ?language ?languageLabel ?wikidata ?iso
} AS %base
WITH {
  SELECT ?language ?languageLabel ?iso ?genderLabel 
    (COUNT(DISTINCT ?females) AS ?femalesSpeakers) 
    (COUNT(DISTINCT ?record) AS ?femalesRecords) {
  INCLUDE %base
  ?record prop:P4 ?language ; # Filter
          prop:P5 ?females . # Assign value: P5 'speaker' into ?females
  ?females prop:P8 entity:Q17 ;  # Filter
          prop:P8 ?gender . # Assign value: P8 'gender' into ?gender
    } GROUP BY ?language ?languageLabel ?iso ?genderLabel
} AS %females

WITH {
  SELECT ?language ?languageLabel ?iso ?genderLabel 
    (COUNT(DISTINCT ?males) AS ?malesSpeakers)
    (COUNT(DISTINCT ?record) AS ?malesRecords) {
  INCLUDE %base
  ?record prop:P4 ?language ;
          prop:P5 ?males . # Assign value: P5 'speaker' into variable ?speakerQid
  ?males prop:P8 entity:Q16 ; 
          prop:P8 ?gender .
    } GROUP BY ?language ?languageLabel ?iso ?genderLabel
} AS %males
{
  INCLUDE %base 
  INCLUDE %females
  INCLUDE %males
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "en". }
}
GROUP BY ?languageLabel ?wikidata ?iso ?malesSpeakers ?malesRecords ?femalesSpeakers ?femalesRecords
ORDER BY ASC(?languageLabel )
... Loading ...

[HEAVY] Languages → Languages with gender and recordings counts (2)

To run on LLQS.[2]

SELECT (?languageLabel as ?Language) ?iso 
  (?genderLabel as ?Gender)
  (COUNT(DISTINCT ?speakerQid) as ?Speakers) 
  (COUNT(DISTINCT ?record) as ?Records)
WHERE {
  ?record prop:P2 entity:Q2 .     # Filter: items where P2 'instance of' is Q2 'record'
  ?record prop:P4 ?language .    # Filter: items where P4 'language' is Q34 'Marathi'
  # OPTIONAL { ?language prop:P12 ?wikidata }  # Assign value: P12 'wikidata id' into variable ?WD
  OPTIONAL { ?language prop:P13 ?iso } # Assign value: P13 'iso639-3' into ?isoCode
  ?record prop:P5 ?speakerQid . # Assign value: P5 'speaker' into variable ?speakerQid
  ?speakerQid prop:P8 ?gender . #  Assign value: P8 'sex or gender'
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en" }
}
GROUP BY ?languageLabel ?iso ?genderLabel
ORDER BY ASC(?languageLabel )
Language	iso	Gender	Speakers	Records
Acehnese	ace	male	1	235
Afrikaans	afr	male	3	2943
Alemannic	gsw	male	1	2
Algerian Ar.	arq	male	2	234
Algerian Ar.	arq	female	2	5
Amharic  	amh	male	1	8
Amharic  	amh	female	1	209
Anc. Greek	grc	male	1	15
Arabic  	ara	male	12	5627
Arabic  	ara	female	2	9

Lexemes

Notable elements

Part of speech

To run on WDQS.[1]

SELECT ?item ?itemLabel
WHERE {
   ?item wdt:P31 wd:Q82042   # Q82042 'part of speech' 
  SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
}
# GROUP BY ?item
ORDER BY ASC(?itemLabel)


✅ Language (d:Q12107) → List of Wikidata lexemes for Breton

To run on WDQS.[1] Source: User:VIGNERON/common.js.

SELECT DISTINCT ?lexemeLabel ?lexeme
WITH {
  SELECT ?lexeme ?lexemeLabel ?lexical_category WHERE {
    ?lexeme a ontolex:LexicalEntry ;
            dct:language wd:Q12107 ; 
            wikibase:lemma ?lexemeLabel .
    OPTIONAL {
      ?lexeme wikibase:lexicalCategory ?lexical_category .
    }
  }
} AS %results
WHERE {
  INCLUDE %results
  OPTIONAL {        
    ?lexical_category rdfs:label ?lexical_categoryLabel .
    FILTER (LANG(?lexical_categoryLabel) = "en")
  }
}
SELECT ?lexeme ?lemma
WHERE {
  ?lexeme dct:language wd:Q12107; 
          wikibase:lemma ?lemma.
}

✅ Language () → List of wd lexemes with LL audio

To run on WDQS.[1]

SELECT * WHERE {
  ?l ontolex:lexicalForm ?x .
  ?x wdt:P443 ?value .
  FILTER regex (str(?value), "^http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Special:FilePath/LL-").
}

✅ Language () → List of wd lexemes with (LL audio and) wd translation (d:Q150)

✅ Concept (Q3142) → All lexeme whom sense is this concept

To run on WDQS.[1]

#title: Lexemes with senses linked to the item about the colour "red" (Q314
SELECT ?wikidataLexeme ?languageLabel ?lemma ?sense WHERE {
  ?wikidataLexeme dct:language ?language ; 
     wikibase:lemma ?lemma ; 
     ontolex:sense ?sense.
  ?language rdfs:label ?languageLabel .
  Filter(lang(?languageLabel)="en").
  ?sense wdt:P5137 wd:Q3142 . # Filter : P5137 'item for this sense' is Q3142 'red'
}

Speakers

✅ Speakers → Largest number of languages recorded and known

#Title: Speakers with recordings largest number of languages and known languages
SELECT ?speaker ?speakerLabel ?count ?languages
# Get audios, language, speaker triplet
WITH {
  SELECT DISTINCT ?speaker ?language {
    ?audio prop:P4 ?language;
           prop:P5 ?speaker.
  }
} AS %speakers
# Get the count of languages per each speaker
WITH {
  SELECT ?speaker (COUNT(?speaker) AS ?count) {
    INCLUDE %speakers.
  }
  GROUP BY ?speaker
  ORDER BY DESC(?count)
} AS %countOfLanguagesRecordedPerSpeaker
# Get the maximum number of languages per each speaker
WITH {
  SELECT (MAX(?count) AS ?maxNumberOfLanguagesRecorded) {
    INCLUDE %countOfLanguagesRecordedPerSpeaker.
  }
} AS %maxNumberOfLanguagesRecorded
# Get those speakers whose count equals the maximum number of languages
WITH {
  SELECT ?speaker ?count {
    INCLUDE %countOfLanguagesRecordedPerSpeaker.
    INCLUDE %maxNumberOfLanguagesRecorded.
    FILTER(?count = ?maxNumberOfLanguagesRecorded).
  }
} AS %speakersWithMostNumberOfLanguagesRecorded
# Get the languages of those speakers that have recorded audios in the
# most number of languages
WITH {
  SELECT ?speaker (GROUP_CONCAT(?languageLabel; SEPARATOR = ", ") AS ?languages) {
    INCLUDE %speakersWithMostNumberOfLanguagesRecorded.
    ?speaker prop:P4 [
        rdfs:label ?languageLabel
      ]
    FILTER(LANG(?languageLabel) = "en").
  }
  GROUP BY ?speaker
} AS %languagesOfSpeakersWithMostNumberOfLanguagesRecorded
{
  INCLUDE %speakersWithMostNumberOfLanguagesRecorded.
  INCLUDE %languagesOfSpeakersWithMostNumberOfLanguagesRecorded.
  ?speaker rdfs:label ?speakerLabel.
  FILTER(LANG(?speakerLabel) = "en")
}
... Loading ...


✅ Speakers → Countries with most speakers

SELECT ?country ?continentLabel ?ISO3 ?countryLabel (COUNT(?country) AS ?count)
WITH {
  SELECT DISTINCT ?speaker {
    ?speaker prop:P2 entity:Q3;
  }
} AS %speakers
WITH {
  SELECT DISTINCT
    ?speaker
    ?country
    ?countryLabel
    ?ISO3
    ?continentLabel
  {
    INCLUDE %speakers.
    ?speaker prop:P14 ?residence.
    # Avoids weird errors.
    FILTER(REGEX(?residence, "^Q[0-9]+$"))
    BIND(IRI(CONCAT('http://www.wikidata.org/entity/', ?residence)) AS ?residenceId)
    
    # Get country from wikidata
    SERVICE <https://query.wikidata.org/sparql> {
      ?residenceId wdt:P17 ?country.
      ?country rdfs:label ?countryLabel;
               wdt:P298 ?ISO3;
               wdt:P30 ?continent.
      ?continent rdfs:label ?continentLabel.
      FILTER(LANG(?countryLabel) = "en").
      FILTER(LANG(?continentLabel) = "en").
    }
  }
} AS %speakersWithCountries
{
  INCLUDE %speakersWithCountries.
}
GROUP BY ?country ?continentLabel ?ISO3 ?countryLabel
ORDER BY DESC(?count)
... Loading ...

Speakers → Map of speakers by place

To run on WDQS.[1]

#defaultView:Map
PREFIX ll: <https://lingualibre.org/entity/>
PREFIX llt: <https://lingualibre.org/prop/direct/>

SELECT DISTINCT ?lLabel ?coord WITH {
  SELECT ?lLabel ?loc WHERE {
    SERVICE <https://lingualibre.org/sparql> { 
      select DISTINCT ?lLabel ?loc { 
        SERVICE wikibase:label { bd:serviceParam wikibase:language "[AUTO_LANGUAGE],en". }
        ?l llt:P2 ll:Q3 ;
           llt:P14 ?loc . 
        ?record llt:P5 ?l.   
        FILTER (regex(?loc, '^Q')) 
      } 
    }
  }
} AS %i
WHERE {
  INCLUDE %i
  BIND (URI(CONCAT("http://www.wikidata.org/entity/", ?loc)) AS ?locURL)
  SERVICE <https://query.wikidata.org/sparql> { 
    select * { 
      ?locURL wdt:P625 ?coord . 
    } 
  }
}
... Loading ...


Speakers → Map of speakers with recordings

To run on WDQS.[1]

#defaultView:Map
# Same can apply to languages :
# Q3→Q4  : items speaker and language
# P14→P12 : items WD location and WD language
# P5→P4 : properties speaker and languages
# P625→P1098 : properties location and population

PREFIX ll: <https://lingualibre.org/entity/>
PREFIX llt: <https://lingualibre.org/prop/direct/>

SELECT DISTINCT ?itemLabel ?wikidata (?info AS ?coordinates) ?records (SAMPLE(?tag) AS ?layer)
# On Lingualibre, get item's info
WITH {
  SELECT *
  WHERE {
    SERVICE <https://lingualibre.org/sparql> {    # Commented on LLQS only
      SELECT DISTINCT ?itemLabel ?wikidata (COUNT(?record) AS ?records) 
      {
        ?item llt:P2 ll:Q3 ;
                 rdfs:label ?itemLabel;
                 llt:P14 ?wikidata .
        ?record llt:P5 ?item .
        FILTER (LANG(?itemLabel)='en')
        FILTER (regex(?wikidata, '^Q'))
      } GROUP BY ?itemLabel ?wikidata
    }           # Commented on LLQS only
  }
} AS %infoWikidataId
# On Wikidata, get the target info
WHERE {
  INCLUDE %infoWikidataId
  BIND (URI(CONCAT("http://www.wikidata.org/entity/", ?wikidata)) AS ?infoURL)
  SERVICE <https://query.wikidata.org/sparql> { 
    SELECT * { 
      ?infoURL wdt:P625 ?info .
    } 
  }
   BIND(
    IF(?records < 10, "<10",
    IF(?records < 1000, "10-1,000",
    IF(?records < 5000, "1k-5k",
    IF(?records < 25000, "5k-25k",
    IF(?records < 50000, "25k-50k",
    ">50k")))))
    AS ?tag) .
} 
GROUP BY ?itemLabel ?wikidata ?info ?records
ORDER BY DESC (?records)
itemLabel		wikidata		coord		records		layer 
नंदिनी रानडे		Q1538		Point(73.85 18.51)		991		10-1,000
Luilui6666		Q8646		Point(114.15 22.27)		6198		5k-25k

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Endpoint Wikidata Query Service (WDQS) – run SPARQL Queries upon Wikidata. Run, test, download the data as json, csv or tsv. Has advanced user-friendly features such as : word hovering too see a term's meaning, code optimization, etc.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.6 Endpoint LinguaLibre Query Service (LLQS) – run SPARQL Queries upon LinguaLibre. Run, test, download the data as json, csv or tsv.

See also

Lingua Libre technical helps
Audio files How to create a frequency list?Convert files formatsDenoise filesRename and mass rename
Bots Help:BotsLinguaLibre:BotHelp:Log in to Lingua Libre with PywikibotLingua Libre Bot (gh) • OlafbotPamputtBotDragons Bot (gh)
MediaWiki MediaWiki: Help:Documentation opérationelle MediawikiHelp:Database structureHelp:CSSHelp:RenameHelp:OAuth JS scripts: MediaWiki:Common.jsLastAudios.jsSoundLibrary.jsItemsSugar.jsLexemeQueriesGenerator.js (pad) • Sparql2data.js (pad) • LanguagesGallery.js (pad) • Gadgets: Gadget-LinguaImporter.jsGadget-Demo.jsGadget-RecentNonAudio.js
Queries Help:APIsHelp:SPARQLSPARQL (intermediate) (stub) • SPARQL for maintenance (stub) • Lingualibre:Wikidata (stub)
Reuses Help:Download datasetsHelp:Embed audio in HTML